There are two main kinds of firewood: hardwood and softwood. Contrary to what their names suggest, however, hardwood isn’t always harder, and softwood isn’t always more workable.
They’re classified as such since hardwoods are typically denser than softwoods, thereby producing more heat since they can withstand burning for longer.
There’s a wide variety of firewood, and choosing the one that’s best for your fireplace can be a little confusing, since different kinds of firewood give you different results.
Here’s a basic overview: